A Soviet machine gun crew crosses a river along the second Baltic front, in January of The soldier on the left is holding his rifle overhead while his comrades push a floating device with the artillery gun forward, followed by two men with several supply boxes.
Low flying C transport planes roar overhead as they carry supplies to the besieged American Forces battling the Germans at Bastogne, during the enemy breakthrough on January 6, in Belgium. In the distance, smoke rises from wrecked German equipment, while in the foreground, American tanks move up to support the infantry in the fighting.
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This image may contain graphic or objectionable content. The bodies of some of the seven American soldiers that had been shot in the face by an SS trooper are recovered from the snow, searched for identification and carried away on stretcher for burial on January 25, These German soldiers stand in the debris strewn street of Bastogne, Belgium, on January 9, , after they were captured by the U. Refugees stand in a group in a street in La Gleize, Belgium on January 2, , waiting to be transported from the war-torn town after its recapture by American Forces during the German thrust in the Belgium-Luxembourg salient.
A dead German soldier, killed during the German counter offensive in the Belgium-Luxembourg salient, is left behind on a street corner in Stavelot, Belgium, on January 2, , as fighting moves on during the Battle of the Bulge. The three leaders were meeting to discuss the post-war reorganization of Europe, and the fate of post-war Germany. Soviet troops of the 3rd Ukrainian front in action amid the buildings of the Hungarian capital on February 5, Across the Channel, Britain was being struck by continual bombardment by thousands of V-1 and V-2 bombs launched from German-controlled territory.
This photo, taken from a fleet street roof-top, shows a V-1 flying bomb "buzzbomb" plunging toward central London. The distinctive sky-line of London's law-courts clearly locates the scene of the incident. Falling on a side road off Drury Lane, this bomb blasted several buildings, including the office of the Daily Herald.bileabaltpin.tk
World War II: The Fall of Nazi Germany
The last enemy action of British soil was a V-1 attack that struck Datchworth in Hertfordshire, on March 29 With more and more members of the Volkssturm Germany's National Militia being directed to the front line, German authorities were experiencing an ever-increasing strain on their stocks of army equipment and clothing. In a desperate attempt to overcome this deficiency, street to street collection depots called the Volksopfer, meaning Sacrifice of the people, scoured the country, collecting uniforms, boots and equipment from German civilians, as seen here in Berlin on February 12, So that you're proud your Home Guard man can show himself in uniform - empty your wardrobe and bring its contents to us".
Three U. A party sets out to repair telephone lines on the main road in Kranenburg on February 22, , amid four-foot deep floods caused by the bursting of Dikes by the retreating Germans. During the floods, British troops further into Germany have had their supplies brought by amphibious vehicles. This combination of three photographs shows the reaction of a year old German soldier after he was captured by U.
Flak bursts through the vapor trails from B flying fortresses of the 15th air force during the attack on the rail yards at Graz, Austria, on March 3, A view taken from Dresden's town hall of the destroyed Old Town after the allied bombings between February 13 and 15, Some 3, aircraft dropped more than 3, tons of high-explosive bombs and incendiary devices on the German city. The resulting firestorm destroyed 15 square miles of the city center, and killed more than 22, A large stack of corpses is cremated in Dresden, Germany, after the British-American air attack between February 13 and 15, The bombing of Dresden has been questioned in post-war years, with critics claiming the area bombing of the historic city center as opposed to the industrial suburbs was not justified militarily.
Soldiers of the 3rd U. Army storm into Coblenz, Germany, as a dead comrade lies against the wall, on March 18, Men of the American 7th Army pour through a breach in the Siegfried Line defenses, on their way to Karlsruhe, Germany on March 27, , which lies on the road to Stuttgart.
Manuel M. Poliakoff, and Cpl. They were the first Jewish services held east of the Rur River and were offered in memory of soldiers of the faith who were lost by the 29th Division, U. American soldiers aboard an assault boat huddle together as they cross the Rhine river at St.
Goar, Germany, while under heavy fire from the German forces, in March of An unidentified American soldier, shot dead by a German sniper, clutches his rifle and hand grenade in March of in Coblenz, Germany. War-torn Cologne Cathedral stands out of the devastated area on the west bank of the Rhine, in Cologne, Germany, April 24, The railroad station and the Hohenzollern Bridge, at right, are completely destroyed after three years of Allied air raids. He committed suicide rather than face the U. An American soldier of the 12th Armored Division stands guard over a group of German soldiers, captured in April , in a forest at an unknown location in Germany.
Adolf Hitler decorates members of his Nazi youth organization "Hitler Jugend" in a photo reportedly taken in front of the Chancellery Bunker in Berlin, on April 25, That was just four days before Hitler committed suicide.
The War That Came Early
Partly completed Heinkel He fighter jets sit on the assembly line in the underground Junkers factory at Tarthun, Germany, in early April The huge underground galleries, in a former salt mine, were discovered by the 1st U. Army during their advance on Magdeburg. Soviet officers and U. Compounds erected by the Allies for their collections of prisoners never seem to be big enough, here is an over-crowded cage of Germans rounded up by the Seventh Army during its drive to Heidelberg, on April 4, Japan formally surrendered in September Japanese expansion in East Asia began in with the invasion of Manchuria and continued in with a brutal attack on China.
On September 27, , Japan signed the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy, thus entering the military alliance known as the " Axis. Faced with severe shortages of oil and other natural resources and driven by the ambition to displace the United States as the dominant Pacific power, Japan decided to attack the United States and British forces in Asia and seize the resources of Southeast Asia.
The attack severely damaged the American fleet and prevented, at least for the short term, serious American interference with Japanese military operations. In response, the United States declared war on Japan.
Pacific Theater. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japan achieved a long series of military successes.
Japanese troops also invaded neutral Thailand and pressured its leaders to declare war on the United States and Great Britain. The turning point in the Pacific war came with the American naval victory in the Battle of Midway in June The Japanese fleet sustained heavy losses and was turned back.
In August , American forces attacked the Japanese in the Solomon Islands, forcing a costly withdrawal of Japanese forces from the island of Guadalcanal in February Allied forces slowly gained naval and air supremacy in the Pacific, and moved methodically from island to island, conquering them and often sustaining significant casualties. The Japanese, however, successfully defended their positions on the Chinese mainland until In October , American forces began retaking the Philippines from Japanese troops, who surrendered in August British forces recaptured Burma. In early , American forces suffered heavy losses during the invasions of Iwo Jima February and Okinawa April , an island of strategic importance off the coast of the Japanese home islands.
Despite these casualties and suicidal Japanese air attacks, known as Kamikaze attacks, American forces conquered Okinawa in mid-June Tens of thousands of people died in the initial explosion, and many more died later from radiation exposure. Three days later, the United States dropped a bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki.
Estimates vary, but at least , civilians died as a result of the two blasts.
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After Japan agreed to surrender on August 14, , American forces began to occupy Japan.